The description of reflexes in the normal development of a child and how if some reflexes are retained, or if others fail to develop it can influence the child's ability to learn or impact behavior. Techniques for testing, remediation. Describes brain function. history of awareness with reflexes.
An updated edition of the definitive handbook on the physical basis for learning for professionals involved in education and child development, written by the respected author of acclaimed titles in the field. A comprehensive overview of the relationship between neuromotor maturity and physical development on learning outcomes and behaviour in childhood and later life Explores why early reflexes are important, their functions in early development, their effects on learning and behavior if retained, and the possible effects on other aspects of development Brings together a specialist body of knowledge and makes it accessible to anyone involved in treating the symptoms of specific learning difficulties and emotional problems. Includes new information on the role of the vestibular system in anxiety and agoraphobia, a new chapter of case studies, and an Epilogue placing the INPP Method in a broader scientific context
Assessing Neuromotor Readiness for Learning is a substantially revised and expanded edition of a long established INPP training manual that has been consistently proven in practice. The package includes tests for children, a developmental movement programme, and information about online access to INPP video training materials. Based on the proven INPP model for neuromotor development screening and intervention, which is unique in having been rigorously evaluated in research and practice Expands and revises an INPP manual which has previously only been available to training customers, and which is a foundation stone of the overall INPP approach Places emphasis on children's physical development and how neuro-motor skills provide the foundations for learning success. The package includes batteries of tests for younger and older children, a developmental movement programme This book may be supported and enhanced by INPP video training materials and score sheets, available for download purchase from the INPP website
Adaptive behaviour is of two types only. Either an animal comes equipped by heredity with the ability to identify situations in which a built-in response is appropriate or it has mechanisms allowing it to adapt its behaviour in situations in which the correct response cannot be predicted. Adaptive behaviour of the second type comes about through natural selection, which weeds out individuals that identify situations inaccurately or respond inappropriately. Adaptive behaviour of the second type comes about through the selection of behavioural variants by the environment. This book is about the second type of adaptive behaviour, of which learning is the most highly developed form. Adaptive Behaviour and Learning constitutes a provocative theoretical integration of the psychological and biological approaches to adaptive behaviour. John Staddon's ideas will have a major impact on psychologists and zoologists' conceptions of the problem of learning. Highly readable, the book will serve as a useful text for courses in learning, animal behaviour and comparative psychology.
Explains sensory motor development and provides activities and games for use in the classroom and at home.
Movements that Heal looks at the reasons behind why the Rhythmic Movement Training and Primitive Reflex Integration programme works. It discusses the developmental and environmental reasons behind many learning, sensory, emotional and behavioural challenges.
Primitive reflexes play an important role in the development of the neurological system in all aspects of our cognition, behavior, and movement. They affect our quality of life, determine our potential, and even our happiness. For children with disabilities, a group of unintegrated or undeveloped reflexes can not only affect their ability to learn but also play a large part in other neurological conditions, such as autism and cerebral palsy. In "The Symphony of Reflexes: Interventions for Autism, ADHD, Cerebral Palsy, and Human Development," Bonnie L. Brandes, MEd, provides a thorough discussion of these primitive reflexes and then presents specific movements in her program, "QRI Brain Boost," designed to help children with learning disabilities and neurological conditions. As the founder of Quantum Reflex Integration, QRI(r), the author uses acu-reflex points and cold laser to integrate primitive reflexes. Her programs are used in over thirty countries. "The timing of this book could not be better, because the incidence of autism and other sensory and neurological disorders continues to climb at an alarming rate, a rate that cannot be exclusively explained by better labeling or improved diagnostic techniques. Understanding primitive reflexes and the role they play in neurological and social development is the key to healing this newest generation. ""The Symphony of Reflexes" is not only a guide for the recovery of the nervous system for those with autism, ADHD, and other learning disabilities, but also a guide for human development and maximizing human potential. "Finally, Bonnie brings to life environmental factors, such as stress during pregnancy, diet and nutrition, EM Radiation, and the Brain-Gut relationship, as well as the ever-growing amount of toxic chemicals that are part of our environment. Being aware of the potential causes is a key step in securing a healthier future for ourselves and the next generation of children. "Bonnie has assembled an incredible amount of information and organized it in a helpful and straightforward manual. No matter how we are interacting with our environment, whether we are catching a ball, riding a bike, or holding a paint brush, each of these activities have their roots in "The Symphony of Reflexes."" -Dr. Donald Gerken DC, DACCP, CSTD
Normal motor development proceedsin an orderly sequence of events, fromthe apedal to the quadrupedal to thebipedal level. The normal childchanges and modifies sensorimotorpatterns of early and primitive movementsand adapts them gradually tomore complex functions. In cerebralpalsy, sensorimotor experience hasbeen abnormal from the beginning.The child can make use of his abnormalsensorimotor patterns only towhatever degree he may be involved.In cerebral palsy, normal maturationis interrupted and an insufficientlydeveloped postural reflex mechanismand prolonged retention of primitivetotal patterns are manifested.
Available to healthcare professionals for the first time, this book contains proven screening tests to measure neuromotor immaturity in children and adults in order to provide a basis for referral and help. Allows practitioners to screen for disorders of movement that can negatively affect educational performance and emotional function in children and adolescents Assesses instances where disorders of movement in adults are affecting thoughts and behavior, as in panic disorder Provides a novel approach for health care professionals observing aberrant reflexes in the absence of more serious pathology Includes reproducible scoring and observation sheets for practice and serves as the perfect complement to Assessing Neuromotor Readiness for Learning
This book reviews how people and animals learn and how their behaviors are changed as a result of learning. It describes the most important principles, theories, controversies, and experiments that pertain to learning and behavior that are applicable to diverse species and different learning situations. Both classic studies and recent trends and developments are explored, providing a comprehensive survey of the field. Although the behavioral approach is emphasized, many cognitive theories are covered as well, along with a chapter on comparative cognition. Real-world examples and analogies make the concepts and theories more concrete and relevant to students. In addition, most chapters provide examples of how the principles covered have been applied in behavior modification and therapy. Thoroughly updated, each chapter features many new studies and references that reflect recent developments in the field. Learning objectives, bold-faced key terms, practice quizzes, a chapter summary, review questions, and a glossary are included. ? The volume is intended for undergraduate or graduate courses in psychology of learning, (human) learning, introduction to learning, learning processes, animal behavior, (principles of) learning and behavior, conditioning and learning, learning and motivation, experimental analysis of behavior, behaviorism, and behavior analysis.? Highlights of the new edition include: -A new text design with more illustrations, photos, and tables. -In the Media, Spotlight on Research, and Applying the Research boxes that highlight recent applications of learning principles in psychology, education, sports, and the workplace. -Discussions of recent developments in the growing field of neuroscience. - Coverage of various theoretical perspectives to the study of learning—behavioral, cognitive, and physiological. - Expanded coverage of emerging topics such as the behavioral economics of addictions, disordered gambling, and impulsivity. -New examples, references, and research studies to ensure students are introduced to the latest developments in the field. - A website at www.routledge.com/9781138689947 where instructors will find a test bank, Powerpoint slides, and Internet links. Students will find practice questions, definitions of key terms, chapter outlines, and Internet sources for additional information.
In The Rhythmic Movement Method, author Dr. Harald Blomberg explains why rhythmic movement is more useful than drugs in treating ADHD and many other disorders. Based on the spontaneous rhythmic movements of infants, these actions are necessary for the development of the brain, motor abilities, emotions, and mental faculties. He introduces his method-rhythmic movement training-and describes how simple healing exercises stimulate the ability of the brain and the nervous system to renew itself and create new connections. Blomberg shares how these exercises help people develop and mature or heal physically, emotionally, and mentally. With case studies included, The Rhythmic Movement Method helps children with ADHD and adults suffering from depression, psychosis, Parkinson's disease, and other disorders to feel well, function better, and stop taking medications.
Since its publication in 1949, D.O. Hebb's, The Organization of Behavior has been one of the most influential books in the fields of psychology and neuroscience. However, the original edition has been unavailable since 1966, ensuring that Hebb's comment that a classic normally means "cited but not read" is true in his case. This new edition rectifies a long-standing problem for behavioral neuroscientists--the inability to obtain one of the most cited publications in the field. The Organization of Behavior played a significant part in stimulating the investigation of the neural foundations of behavior and continues to be inspiring because it provides a general framework for relating behavior to synaptic organization through the dynamics of neural networks. D.O. Hebb was also the first to examine the mechanisms by which environment and experience can influence brain structure and function, and his ideas formed the basis for work on enriched environments as stimulants for behavioral development. References to Hebb, the Hebbian cell assembly, the Hebb synapse, and the Hebb rule increase each year. These forceful ideas of 1949 are now applied in engineering, robotics, and computer science, as well as neurophysiology, neuroscience, and psychology--a tribute to Hebb's foresight in developing a foundational neuropsychological theory of the organization of behavior.
PART 1: INTRODUCTION. 1. SOME BASIC ASSUMPTIONS. Is Behavior Lawful? How Should We Discover Any Laws? Behavioral and Cognitive Approaches. The Experimental Method. The Use of Animals. An Overview of Associative Learning. Summary. PART 2: CLASSICAL CONDITIONING. 2. FOUNDATIONS OF CLASSICAL CONDITIONING. The Associative Tradition. Pavlov's Conditioned Reflexes. The Need for Control Groups. What Behaviors Can Be Conditioned? A Universal Process? Summary. 3. PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS. The Laws of Association. Contingency. Preparedness. Blocking. Applications of Conditioning. Summary. 4. THEORIES OF CONDITIONING. The Rescorla-Wagner Model. The Rescorla-Wagner Model: Deriving Predictions. Evaluating the Rescorla-Wagner Model. What is Learned During Conditioning? The Determinants of Performance. Conditioning in Humans. Summary. PART 3: OPERANT CONDITIONING. 5. REINFORCEMENT. Thorndike's Law of Effect. Basic Procedures. The Reinforcer. Delay of Reinforcement. Schedules of Reinforcement. Motivation. Stimulus Control. Shaping. Summary. 6. APPLICATIONS OF REINFORCEMENT. Reinforcement in the Classroom. The Problem of Maintaining Behavior. Harmful Effects of Reinforcement. Alternatives to Reinforcement: Modeling. Alternatives to Reinforcement: Self-Control. Summary. 7. PUNISHMENT AND EXTINCTION. Punishment. Side Effects of Punishment. Application: Children's Misbehavior. Extinction. Summary. PART 4: THEORETICAL PROCESSES IN ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING. 8. WHAT IS LEARNED? Early Views. Hull's S-R Theory. Tolman's Expectations. Habits and Expectations. Complex Learning. Summary. 9. THE ROLE OF MEMORY AND ATTENTION. A Model of Human Memory. Working Memory. The Role of Attention in Coding. Coding Relationships. Retrieval. The Associative Stage. Summary. 10. THE ROLE OF THE REINFORCER. Is Reinforcement Automatic? Is Reinforcement Necessary for Learning? The Avoidance Paradox. Reinforcement and Conditioning. Choosing a Response. Summary. 11. LEARNING IN AN EVOLUTIONARY CONTEXT. The General Process View. An Evolutionary Perspective. Are Classical Conditioning and Reinforcement Uniform Processes? Variations on an Associative Theme. Summary. 12. CONCEPT LEARNING: ASSOCIATIVE AND COGNITIVE PROCESSES. Concept Learning in Humans. Concept Learning in Animals. Abstract Concepts in Animals. The Neural Network Solution (To Association, Abstraction, and Everything...). Associative Learning and Cognition. Summary. REFERENCES. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. AUTHOR INDEX. SUBJECT INDEX. A FINAL WORD.